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Identifying Sign of Skin Cancer

Table of Content

1. Introduction
2. How it Occurs?
3. Types and Symptoms
4. Conclusion


As you know cancers can be dangerous, but when we talk about sign of skin cancer, it can be spotted and avoided if treated on time. The earlier you spot it, the sooner you can get it treated.

How It Occurs?

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer nowadays, as the air quality and UV rays affect today's lifestyle the most. It occurs mainly when you overexpose your skin under the sun, harmful rays act up and damage your skin, but there are other factors as well which promote it. It can affect an individual of any skin or complexion. Specific possible causes that promote skin cancer are driving a lot, exposing naked skin under the sun, exposure to certain chemicals, elevations or frequent flights, or genes. 

  • Exposing naked skin under the sun without applying sunscreen.
  • Driving regularly or frequent flights.
  • Genes can affect; if a person has a family history of skin cancer, he/she is likely to get affected by that as well.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals unsuitable for your skin can also become a cause.
  • Climates of high altitude. Higher elevations mean more exposure to sun or UV radiation.
  • A weak immune system can also be the cause because a person with weak immunity can get infections pretty quickly.
  • A person who is undergoing radiation treatments for a specific skin condition is having a higher risk of getting skin cancer.

Types and Symptoms

Skin cancer symptoms are easy to spot, and their type varies as follows-

Basal Cell Carcinoma- Found in basal cells of the lower part of the epidermis. Most frequently appear in the areas exposed to UV light. It grows very slowly and rarely spreads to another part of the body. It is treatable. You can identify them easily as they appear to be pale yellowish areas which are similar to scars, shiny bumps or spots which are translucent, spots may appear, cancer skin rash appears to be red or pinkish, oozing areas that bleed easily, growing over time.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma- Occurs in squamous cells of the skin that are constantly shed in the outer part of the epidermis. Appears in areas exposed to the sun like the ears, neck, face and back of hands. It is easy to treat while spotted early and can also spread to other body parts. Rough and scaly patches can appear with bumps lower from the centre, heal and still come back, and itch and bleed.

Melanoma- It occurs when the melanocytes, the cells which provide pigment to the skin, start growing abnormally. It’s the rarest type, but the deadliest one as it can spread to other body parts if not noticed earlier. Asymmetrical moles appear on the skin which can be multicoloured like brown and black, red and blue or even without any colour. It changes its size, shape, colour or texture.

Actinic Keratosis- These are said to be premalignant lesions which appear on the skin, caused by excess exposure to UV light. Rough, scaly patches appear on skin that can itch or burn and vary from pink to brown tones.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma- This skin cancer is dangerous as it spreads rapidly throughout the body. Pink to purple bumps appear on skin that may be shiny, painless and firm to touch and the top skin can break open and bleed.


This disease can be hazardous and can be identified very easily. It is vital to notice the early signs of it. Self-examination is critical if a person is seeing changes in his or her skin so that they can reach out to a doctor at Ayushman Skin & Cosmetology Centre and get treated timely.



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MBBS, Blogger

She is an expert in invasive and non-invasive skin, hair, nails and weight-loss remedies. She is sought by celebrities, designers, influence...

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