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Symptoms You Want To Look Out For Skin Diseases!

Skin diseases differ significantly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or everlasting and may be painless or painful. Some may be hereditary, and some may be because of specific situational causes. Some skin conditions are inferior, and others can be life-threatening.

While certain skin conditions are minor, others indicate a more severe issue. Reach your doctor if you think you might have one of these common skin issues. While learning to tell one condition from another can help a person give home care, it can be crucial to receive a diagnosis and treatment from a healthcare professional, similar to a dermatologist.

Types of skin conditions

The skin conditions can vary from person to person depending on various factors. But first, we need to know about the conditions on a person’s skin. 

Long lasting conditions

Several skin conditions can last throughout a lifetime. Some may begin in youth and hold up into adulthood. Sometimes, the symptoms aren't always instant but spurt up at certain times.


Rosacea most generally causes redness on the face. In people with darkish skin, the affected region may be darker and warmer than the surrounding skin.

There are four subtypes, and these can bring about other symptoms:

Optical rosacea may cause:

  • Redness and irritation of the eyes.
  • Swollen eyelids.
  • What looks like a stye.
  • The sensation of that something is in the eye.

Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea may induce:

  • Redness.
  • Observable blood vessels.
  • Flushing.

Papulopustular rosacea may causes:

  • Swelling
  • An irregular look
  • Breakouts that may seem like acne

Phymatous rosacea causes:

  • Thickening of the skin
  • A bumpy texture

There's no known cure for rosacea. Doctors handle the symptoms with topical or oral anti-inflammatory medicines.


Moles are lumps that form when skin cells bunch together with enclosing tissue. Most are called “usual moles” and cause no damage. Multiple people have moles, and a person may have about 40 moles throughout their body. 

Check moles regularly for any changes in their look, like an increase in size or difference in colour. Anyone who notices changes should let their doctor know so that they can protect against skin cancer.

Seborrheic dermatitis

In babies, doctors generally refer to seborrheic dermatitis as “ cradle cap”. Scaly, greasy spots form on the newborn’s skin, most commonly on their crown.

In adults, seborrheic dermatitis may show anywhere on the body. It's prone to flare up and fade throughout life. The affected skin may appear swollen, reddish, and greasy. And a yellow or white crust may appear on the skin's surface. Similarly, people with darkish skin may notice that the scaling has a flower-like shape. Some regions of the affected skin may appear lighter or darker than usual.

Multiple treatments can help ease the symptoms. handling seborrheic dermatitis may involve applying special shampoo and medicated cream to the affected skin.


Lupus is a complicated autoimmune disorder. It causes inflammation and pain, and the specific effects can differ from person to person.

Lupus can affect any region of the body. Symptoms on the skin tend to involve red spots or rings, rashes resembling sunburn on the nose and cheeks, and circular rashes that don't itch or pain. These may accompany a fever, headaches, fatigue, and swollen, inflexible, or painful joints.


Vitiligo causes a loss of colouration. There are a few classes, but vitiligo commonly causes white spots on the skin, usually in regions exposed to the sun. People with vitiligo frequently lose their hair colour beforehand, as well.

Some people find that more spots of whiteness gradually appear over numerous years. Since this condition affects colouration, it's generally more noticeable in people with dark or tanned skin. There is no cure for vitiligo, but many treatments are available, including light remedies and topical medications. A person also has surgical options, and some alternate cures may help, though scientists require to look further into their effectiveness.



Eczema generally develops early in childhood, but it can arise in adulthood. There are several kinds, including atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis.


Eczema may invoke rashes on or around the face, scalp, elbows, neck, wrists, ankles, or legs. The rashes are very itchy and may grow bumpy, change colour, or thicken. In adults, the rashes may cover more of the body, leading to wide dry, itchy areas. The symptoms may be less eye-catching in people with darker skin than those with lighter skin. Nevertheless, eczema can invoke discolouration in people of colour, making the affected regions lighter or darker. There's no specified cure for eczema. It may settle on its own, but medicines that relieve the symptoms are available.


Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition. Symptoms generally include itchy spots of skin with a strange appearance.

Regions of skin affected by psoriasis can differ in size and severity. The affected areas are generally red or pink with white scales in a person with white skin. African Americans may have violet, grey, or dark brown spots. They may be tougher to see.

There are five main kinds of psoriasis:

  • Plaque psoriasis causes chunky spots of skin.
  • Pustular psoriasis causes zits surrounded by skin that may be red.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis causes widespread areas that appear brutally burned.
  • Inverse psoriasis causes a bright rash in skin folds, like in the armpits or around the genitals.
  • Guttate psoriasis causes small spots on the crown, face, torso, and branches.

Doctors can treat the symptoms with varied medications, including ointments and creams. A dermatologist can advise the most appropriate treatment plan.

Temporary Conditions

Some skin problems will last only for a small amount of time and can be treated with medications.


Hives are itchy, raised welts. They may be pinkish reddish or pinkish in people with lighter skin.

An antipathetic reaction is generally responsible, though tension, sickness, and friction, like as tight clothes, can be the reason.

Hives generally form in clumps. They may reappear in another part of the body after its treated from one part. Treatment generally involves antihistamines or corticosteroids.


Acne is one of the most common skin conditions. Symptoms can include:

  • Pustules are pimples with pus at their tips.
  • Papules are raised bumps that stem from an infection in hair follicles.
  • Nodes are painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin.
  • Cysts are significant, painful, pus-filled nodes beneath the skin’s face.

People can generally handle acne with medicine. For ladies, this may involve hormonal remedies in some cases. A light medication may also be effective.


The human papillomavirus, better understood as HPV, causes warts, which are transmissible.

These lumps can come out on any part of the body, generally on the hands, feet, and joints. They tend to be the colour of a person’s skin or are darkish. Warts occasionally go down on their own, but a dermatologist may advise removing them, depending on their type and location.

Cold sore

A cold sore is a red, liquid-filled blister. These blisters generally show up near the mouth, and the affected skin may feel painful or subtle. Before the blisters show up, there may be itchiness or a burning feeling.

Fungal nail infection

This infection involves the growth of fungus near, under, and around the nails. commonly, it affects the toenails. The nail’s edges may decay off, and their skins may possess whitish-yellowish scaling and flaking. Different fungi can invoke this infection, and the treatment may depend on the variety. Doctors can prescribe oral or topical medicines. In some cases, they may require removing the affected nail.

Athlete's foot

The athlete’s foot is also a type of fungal infection. The symptoms involve dry, peeling and itchy skin. There can be blisters, sores and bleeding. The skin between and under the toe becomes soggy and pale. Doctors usually use anti-fungal sprays and creams.


The growth of Candida albicans, the fungus, causes the problem. The areas may be itchy and irritated and have small pustules. This typically occurs in skin folds such as armpits, back of knees or around the groin.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer involves the cells of the skin growing uncontrollably, which can happen anywhere on the body. Although skin cancer is life-threatening,  it can be fixed if diagnosed in the early stages. The cancer cells tend to form after prolonged exposure to sunlight. The darker skin tone produces more melanin and is more susceptible to skin cancer.

These conditions sound very scary and dangerous, but they all can be fixed or stopped from growing and spreading if diagnosed in the early stages. So, we recommend getting a routine checkup with a dermatologist. You can find one of the best dermatologists at Ayushman skin and cosmetology centre



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He specializes in curing hair ailments while possessing a decade of practice in hair grafting for both men and women. He did his medical stu...

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